Originally known in the west as Amoy, Xiamen 厦门 (or “gateway to China”) is a major port city with a long history of international commerce. It is situated on the southeast coast of Fujian Province at the mouth of the Jiulong River directly across from Taiwan. Greater Xiamen consists of the Island of Xiamen, Gulangyu Islet, several small islets and a portion of the mainland. Xiamen maintains the reputation as China’s cleanest city. There are many scenic spots in and around Xiamen, and it is one of the nation’s most popular tourist destinations. Xiamen is the ancestral home of many overseas Chinese, who have in turn contributed to the prosperity of the Island. The area is also the main point of economic and cultural contact between Taiwan and Mainland China. As one of China’s special economic zones, it has become one of the major access points for foreign capital and technology entering China.
Brief Introduction of Xiamen
Fast Facts About Xiamen
Location: Southeast coast of Fujian Province, China, at the mouth of the Jiulong River across from Taiwan.
Population: About 2 Million
People: Predominantly Han Chinese
Language: Mandarin (普通话) and Southern Min – Xiamen, a sub dialect of Min Nan Hua (闽南话)
Local Cuisine: South Fujian cuisine, combined with Taiwan cuisine
Dialing Code: 86-592 from abroad; 0-592 from within China
Getting There: Air, Bus, Train
Getting Around: Bus, Taxi, Ferry, Train, Air.
Weather: Subtropical climate with mild weather throughout the year
Claim to Fame: “Gate of China,” “Cleanest city in China,” “Egret Island,” “Capital of China’s overseas tea trade”
Xiamen Tourist Attractions
Xiamen is recognized as one of the most scenic places to visit in China. There are beautiful beaches, parks, museums and interesting cultural attractions to spend days exploring. The main tourist attraction in Xiamen, Gulangyu, is a delightful little island just a 10 minute ferry ride from the heart of down town. It’s a great place to spend a day but it’s even better to schedule two or three days to see all it has to offer. Hulishan Fort, only a 10 minute bus ride from the ferry terminal, provides the visitor a look at the past military history of Xiamen along with breathtaking views of the ocean. Xiamen University, one of the most beautiful campuses in China, if not the world, is just a short walk from Hulishan. For the temple enthusiast, Xiamen’s Nanpuoto Temple is a very well preserved 9th century temple that continues to serve as a place of worship. Wanshi Park, also a short bus ride from down town, has lakes, parks, temples, an amusement area and a botanical garden area with over 4000 species of plants. There are a number of other exceptional parks in Xiamen including, Zhongshan Park, Xianyue park and Bailuzhou park. For a day trip, try Jimei Study Village and Turtle Park located just north of Xiamen Island across the Xiamen Bridge.
Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport (厦门高崎国际机场) is merely 10 kilometers from the downtown. It is one of the four leading international airports in China after Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. It has opened daily flights to more than 40 large and medium cities at home, such as Beijing, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Xi’an, Mount Putuo, Mount Wuyi and SHenzhen. It also has direct flight to and from Hong Kong, Macao, Bangkok, Singapore, Manila, Seoul, Amsterdam and Osaka. You can search or book a flight to and from Xiamen on Xiamen flight.
Every day, there are more than 100 trains come and go from Xiamen Railway Station to many domestic cities, including Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Ningbo, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Xi’an, Chongqing, Guiyang, Kunming and Taiyuan, and the trains to Fuzhou, Shanghai, Ningbo and Hangzhou are bullet trains, which are much faster than common trains. You can search the train schedule on Xiamen train schedule.